A very common childhood infection that originates in the lung is known as bronchitis. Out of the different tubes in the lung, the largest are known as bronchi.
What is bronchitis?
Bronchitis is a type of viral infection which causes inflammation in the bronchi, making it difficult to breathe. It also increases the production of mucus, which makes the condition worse. It can also be caused due to certain bacterial infections.
A child with bronchitis may have some or all of the following symptoms:
What to do?
Children usually get better within 5 to 10 days, but it is important to consult your child’s doctor. Here are some things that can help.
What is bronchiolitis?
While bronchiolitis is also similar to bronchitis, the infection moves from the bronchi to the bronchioles (the smaller air tubes present in the lung). This is also a condition in which there is inflammation. In addition, there is also additional mucus as well as white blood cells that can block the air passage.
The RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) virus is the most common cause of bronchiolitis.
How does it spread?
This infection is most common between the ages of 2 months and 2 years and spreads through physical contact.
A child with bronchiolitis may have some or all of the following symptoms:
What to do?
Doctors mainly suggest and a larger intake of fluids to treat the condition without medicines. In severe cases, doctors may refer hospitalization with extra oxygen for breathing.
What is pneumonia?
In case of pneumonia, the infection now moves to the substance of the lungs. It is caused mainly by bacteria instead of virus and hence is more serious.
A child with pneumonia may have some or all of the following symptoms:
Make sure to consult your child’s doctor in case of any of the above health conditions.
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